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Reformed Church of China  RCA reformed church of America in China
Copyright 2001-7 by Sue Brown & Dr. Bill

Note: Please click thumbnails for larger photos!!

Stella Girard VeenschotenAmoy Mission Main Page    Stella Girard VeenschotenAmoyHope Hospital Today; the hospital is in back, the chapel to the right, and the Otte Memorial is in front of the chapel Mission in 1877        Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Dr. John Otte

Hope Hospital

On April 28, 2008, Xiamen celebrated the 110th anniversary of Hope Hospital, which was started on Gulangyu Islet (Kulangsu) by Dr. John Otte of the American (Dutch) Reformed Mission (RCA).  The city unveiled a new statue of Dr. Otte in front Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Limited Edition Chinese Postage Stampsof the new hospital in nearby Jimei, and the post office issues a special series of Hope Hospital stamps, with Dr. Otte's photos on some! 

I hope to add a history John DeVelder in Amoy in front of new John Otte Statueof Hope Hospital soon, but for now, please accept this excerpt from the Dr. John Otte pages, which I have adapted from one of my books, Discover Gulangyu.  

Were You born at Hope Hospital? I have received e-mails from several people born at Hope in the 20s and 30s, including Joan Hill(May 15, 1923), Dr. Roger Koeppe,(May 2, 1922), Mr. John Anderson (whose parents married in the beautiful stone church in Fuzhou), etc.  If you were born in Hope, please send us photos, and your story!  
Muchas Xie Xie!  Dr. Bill

Hope Hospital (#82 Guxin Rd, Gulangyu) Dr. John Otte built Hope Hospital after returning from his U.S. furlough, and as with his first hospital, NDr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Limited Edition Chinese Postage Stampseerbosch (in Zhangzhou, birthplace of Lin Yutang), he both designed the hospital and helped build it himself.

Otte initially considered refurbishing the English Presbyterian Hospital, which was on ARM land and had closed in 1894, but repairs would have been too costly, and a foundation for a new building on the site would have required costly pilings. At the suggestion of the American Consul General, Otte selected a site at the base of Swallow Tail Mountain (Yanweishan Hezai).

While Chinese had opposed Otte’s Sio-khe hospital, his opponents on Gulan-gyu were foreigners, who feared patients would bring disease to their exclusive international settlement.

The foreigners appealed all the way to Peking and Washington, D.C., but without success, and in the end Otte mollified them with the promise of special hospital rooms for foreigners and wealthy Chinese.

Photo of Hope Hospital on Gulangyu, from Reverend Philip Wilson Pitcher's In and About Amoy, 1912Otte described Hope Hospital, which opened April, 1898:
“Hope Hospital is a substantial two story brick structure, situated on the water’s edge, and at high tide, surrounded on three sides by water. It con-tains a chapel, dining room, kitchen, two servants’ rooms, office, dispensary, dark room for eye work, four student’s rooms, and seven wards, in which are forty-five beds.”
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Otte Raises the Roof!
Otte personally laid the hospital roof to ensure it was done right! He wrote,
“It took me two weeks of hard work, but finally it was all done and then I simply crowed. You ought to have seen me when at work. I was covered from head to foot with sticky asphalt. Even my baby, when she came with her mother one day to the Hope Hospital Nurses in Amoyhospital said, ‘This is not my papa.’
“…Sometimes right in the midst of my work I would be called out on a serious case. Then I would hurriedly wash my hands in kerosene, change my clothes, and go to the case. Think of having to operate on the eye under such circumstances.”

On the day of Hope’s dedication, Otte laid the cornerstone for a women’s hospital named after Queen ilhelmina because the initial $2,518 in funds and $800 for maintenance came mostly from Dutch supporters, who created the “Netherlands Society for Building and Maintaining Missionary Hospitals in China.”

Hope’s “first come, first served” policy meant that many patients spent the night on the street to make sure they received a coveted bamboo entry slip. In 1900, Otte had over 10,200 patient visits to the two hospitals, treated 1,206 in-patients, performed 631 operations and extracted 155 teeth. Dr. Bill and the Dr. John Otte Memorial beside Hope Hospital

John Otte was keen on training Chinese in medicine, but only three students survived his severe examinations and hands-on practice for the first graduation in 1893. It was a tough program, but the waiting line of students never ended, and Otte’s legacy of medical training continued even after his death, when Hope Hospital started South Fujian’s first nursing school in 1926.

The Otte Memorial A busy man, Otte still found time to pursue architecture as well—but he contracted the plague from a patient and died in 1910. [Click here to read the very moving "Otte's Last Ten Days"].A monument erected by Otte’s students was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution. The foundation and stone are now behind the former Pulmonary Hospital, which is just off the Gulangyu Ring Road past the U.S. Consulate. The inscription is in Dutch, English (barely legible), Chinese and Latin.

Hope Hospital was slated to be razed about 2005, but it is now being renovated and will be a museum.  And not only does the Otte Memorial still stand but a new hospital in Jimei has a statue of Dr. Otte in front!

Please Help the "The Amoy Mission Project!"Cartoon of Amoy Missionary with Bible in one hand and piano in the other Please share any relevant biographical material and photos for the website and upcoming book.  All text and photos will remain your property, and photos will be imprinted to prevent unauthorized use. 

Thanks!  

Dr. Bill   Xiamen University MBA Center
E-mail: amoybill@gmail.com  
Snail Mail: Dr. William Brown 
Box 1288  Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian  PRC   361005

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AMOY MISSION LINKS
Click to help Amoy MIssion Project with photos, text, donations
The Reformed Church of China (Amoy Mission, started by the Reformed Church of America (Dutch)  in Amoy Hea-mun (aka Ameouy )A.M. Main Menu
List of Amoy Mission Reformed Church of America (Dutch) Missionaries in ChinaRCA Miss'ry List
Reformed Church of China's Amoy Mission 1877 Report by DuryeaAmoyMission-1877
Fifty Years in Amoy Story of Amoy Mission by Philip Wilson Pitcher Reformed Church of ChinaAmoyMission-1893
David Abeel Father of the Amoy Mission, and China's first education for girls and women
Abeel, David
Henry and Sarah Beltman, Amoy Mission  1902-1928?Beltman
Boot Family of the Amoy Mission,South Fujian ChinaBoot Family
Ruth Broekema Amoy Mission 1921 1951Broekema, Ruth
Henry and Sarah Beltman, Amoy Mission  1902-1928?Bruce, Elizabeth
William Burns, Scottish Missionary to China, visited Amoy Burns, Wm.
John Caldwell China Coast Family Caldwells
Henry and Kate Depree Amoy Mission  1907 to 1948DePree
Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Develder, Wally
   Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Wally's Memoirs!
Douglas CarstairsDouglas, Carstairs
Elihu Doty RCA Missionary to Amoy ChinaDoty, Elihu
Rev William Rankin Duryea, D.D. The Amoy Mission 1877Duryea, Wm. Rankin
Joseph and Marion Esther
Esther,Joe & Marion
Katherine Green Amoy Mission  1907 to 1950Green, Katherine
Karl Gutzlaff Missionary to ChinaGutzlaff, Karl
Stella Girard Veenschoten
Hills,Jack & Joann
. Stella Girard Veenschoten
Hill's Photos.80+
..Stella Girard VeenschotenKeith H.
Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Homeschool
Richard and Johanna Hofstra of the Amoy MIssion ChinaHofstras
Tena Holkeboer Amoy Mission, Hope HospitalHolkeboer, Tena
Dr. Clarence Holleman and his wife Ruth Eleanor Vanden Berg Holleman were RCA missionaries on AmoyHolleman, M.D.
Hope Hospital Amoy  on Gulangyu (Kulangsu, Koolongsoo, etc.)Hope Hospital
Stella Girard Veenschoten
Johnston Bio
Rev. and Mrs. Joralman of the Amoy MissionJoralmans
Wendell and Renske Karsen
Karsen, W&R
Edwin and Elizabeth Koeppe Family, Amoy Mission ChinaKoeppes, Edwin&Eliz.
Dr. Clarence Holleman and his wife Ruth Eleanor Vanden Berg Holleman were RCA missionaries on AmoyKip, Leonard W.
William Vander Meer  Talmage College Fukien Christian UniversityMeer Wm. Vander
Margaret Morrison, Amoy Mission  1892-1931Morrison, Margaret
John Muilenberg Amoy MissionMuilenbergs
Jean Neinhuis, Amoy Mission Hope Hospital Gulangyu or Ku-long-sooNeinhuis, Jean
Theodore Oltman M.D. Amoy Missionary DoctorOltman, M.D.
Reverend Alvin Ostrum, of the Amoy Mission, Fujian ChinaOstrum, Alvin
Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Otte,M.D.Stella Girard VeenschotenLast Days
Henry and Mary Voskuil Amoy MissionPlatz, Jessie
Reverend W. J. Pohlman, Amoy MIssion, Fujian ChinaPohlman, W. J.
Henry and Dorothy Poppen, RCA Missionaries to Amoy China Amoy Mission Project 1841-1951Poppen, H.& D.
Reverend Daniel Rapalje, Amoy Mission, Fujian ChinaRapalje, Daniel
Herman and Bessie Renskers Amoy Mission  1910-1933Renskers
Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Talmage, J.V.N.

Lyman and Rose Talman Amoy Mission  1916 to 1931Talman, Dr.
Stella Girard VeenschotenVeenschotens
. Nelson VeenschotenHenry V.Stella Girard VeenschotenStella V.
. Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital Girard V.
Jeanette Veldman, Amoy Mission ChinaVeldman, J.
Henry and Mary Voskuil Amoy MissionVoskuil, H & M
Jean Walvoord Amoy Mission  1931-1951Walvoord
A. Livingston WarnshuisWarnshuis, A.L.
Nellie Zwemer Amoy Mission  1891-1930Zwemer, Nellie
"The MIssion Cemetery of Fuh-Chau" / Foochow by Rev.J.W. Wiley , M.D. (also mispelled Wylie )Fuh-chau Cemetery
Dr. John Otte and Hope Hospital City of Springs
   (Quanzhou, 1902!!)
Xiamen Churches Protestant Catholic Seventh Day Adventist Amoy Mission Missionaries Abeel
XM Churches
Xiamen Churches Protestant Catholic Seventh Day Adventist Amoy Mission Missionaries AbeelChurch History Xiamen International Christian Fellowship Expat Nondenominational interdenominational
Opium wars in Xiamen, Fujian China.  Opium Wars
Amoy Mission Bibliography A.M. Bibliography
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